Connecting Grammar and Vocabulary

Connecting Grammar and Vocabulary

‘Connecting Grammar and Vocabulary’ is part seven of a ten-part series covering grammar in middle school and high school English classes. Start with part one and follow the links to the other articles in the series.

In this series of articles, I’ve hopefully provided easy-to-implement activities and tools for connecting grammar to all of ELA content. Teaching grammar by never connecting it to other content bores me – and probably disservices students. I’ve covered ideas for connecting grammar and literature, grammar and writing.

Connecting grammar and vocabulary is a logical step.

I mention and apply grammatical terms throughout English lesson plans, intentionally. Sometimes this naturally occurs, but sometimes I still need to think through ways of connecting grammar to all of my content.

Here is how I specifically connect grammar and vocabulary.

Connecting grammar and vocabulary: ways to incorporate grammar into all ELA lesson plans.

  • We look at what words look like. My friend B’s Book Love wrote about using word walls with older students. It inspired me to create word walls with my students. We separated our vocabulary words by parts of speech – nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. While reviewing literature or during extra class time, we would review the meaning of the words, but also cover what makes each word a specific part of speech. Then we would switch the word around – making a noun, a verb, etc. We would purposefully relate to the word wall to review as well, using the vocabulary words again.
  • We determined the meaning not only with context clues, but also with the part of speech. Look:
    • Jem’s free dispensation of my pledge irked me, but precious noontime minutes were ticking away. 
      This is from To Kill A Mockingbird, after Scout beats up Walter Cunningham. “Dispensation” is a vocabulary word. Now, most of my students know what “dispense” means. Beverage machines dispense drinks, and straw containers dispense straws. I connected that prior knowledge to “dispensation,” and then asked what a word with ‘tion’ was. They know this word is a noun, so I could lead them to understanding that “dispensation” is an act of giving out or distributing. They all laughed that soda machines practice “dispensation.”
  • We define the words and identify their parts of speech. This may seem simple, but I once didn’t do this with students. Not only do I want students to understand that all words have a part of speech, but I also want them to mentally connect grammar to the dictionary. That life skill will help their writing forever. Students should know how to manipulate words correctly.

These are simple ways to connect grammar and vocabulary. By sharing these ideas, I hope to inspire other teachers to connect grammar and vocabulary. I also hope to learn other ways for me to improve vocabulary instruction! So… I turn this over to my blog readers. What ways do you connect grammar and vocabulary?

Part eight of this series covers how to Make Grammar Fun – a good question for all teachers to ask.

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  1. 1

    I am very confident that years from now, your students will remember you using this strategy with them, and they will be more intelligent because of it! I love this…it’s one of those “teachable moment” things that you just have to seize sometimes. I have been working on Grocabulary in my classroom, in which students analyze a sentence for its grammatical elements and then focus on determining the meaning of a vocabulary word embedded in context clues.

  2. 4

    Fantastic ideas! I also didn’t focus on the part of speech for vocabulary words in the past but have been working on it with my students now. It really helps them to see that they may already know a form of the word.

  3. 5

    Great ideas as always, Lauralee. I especially like the focus on parts of speech. Too often students use words incorrectly because they just aren’t aware of how they are meant to work in the sentences.

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