What can an English teacher do when responding to student writing? What teachers say matters, and we should consider their internal dialogue.
The more I teach writing, the more I consider student writing and internal dialogue. Students’ internal dialogue, not mine.
Grading student writing, I know how my internal dialogue runs:
I’ve taught this, right? I did a bad job teaching this. Grammar, agreement, comma splices, should I be using red ink? Purple? Would this argument make sense to another teacher? Am I doubting myself because I fear hurting a student’s feelings? Am I “sandwiching” feedback effectively? Is it fair not to point out these organizational errors? Am I preparing students for college? Will they be ready? Will they be able to effectively reply to emails at a job? Is this an effective thesis?
And on. So, my mind races as I grade writing. I feel immense pressure (as I’m sure other ELA teachers do), and I have developed coping methods for grading papers: checklists, batching, re-reads. As I continue teaching, I’ve learned to control my internal dialogue.
What I’ve realized is that what I say to students – what part of my internal dialogue is—becomes their internal dialogue. I need to be aware of my remarks. I’m aware that my remarks might become students’ internal dialogue.
For those reasons, I follow these simple guidelines when responding to student writing.
I edit with students as we read through their rough drafts. All the grammar errors—we work on those together. I try to catch and address most. Editing (hopefully) ends there.
If students turn in a final draft with editing errors, I make a note of what they should understand (agreement, complete sentences, capitalization). I don’t highlight every error. I want students to know a problem, but I don’t find every single problem. During conferences, I will address those troublesome areas and ask students to correct them. Sometimes, I break down one error at a time.
Be sure you have complete sentences. Then the student returns to me. Now, be sure that you use commas after introductory phrases or clauses. Then we focus on the next error, and on.
If I return a paper with every error highlighted and marked, students will shut down. They will be overwhelmed. Their internal dialogue will not set them up for success. Responding to student writing can’t look like that.
And? I don’t have time. I do something else instead…
I help my students set goals for speeches, and goal-setting works well with papers, too. Teachers can easily differentiate and personalize lessons by setting goals with students.
As students improve their writing, the goals might move away from mechanics. Organization or verb-use might become a larger focus. Meet students where they are with a goal. Goals that move past errors might include implementing strong transitions, varying sentence structure, or experimenting with a new technique like figurative language or pacing.
Hopefully, setting a goal and working toward it will become an automatic part of student dialogue.
Provide a big picture
What is right in front of students, at this very minute, might be what they are considering. Overall, of all the proposals, briefs, and emails that these young people will write in their lives, they are at the beginning of their writing careers.
Tell students that. They have many more years of building vocabulary and working on sentence fluency. Their teachers will help and provide support along the way. Writing is a team effort, and they will have many opportunities for practice.
Providing a big picture helps me to focus myself while grading papers. Students need a big picture so that idea becomes part of their internal dialogue. Students need to hear that they will write in their future careers and that their words have meaning. All of the “big picture” ideas help with student writing and internal dialogue. Even if they make errors right now (what writer does not??), those errors don’t define their writing careers. Students are writers, and they can grow as communicators.
Student writing and internal dialogue are linked. As much noise as I have in my head as I grade student work, I can’t imagine transferring that to students. When I reflect on grading writing in my earlier years, and while I know I had best intentions, I fear that I created hesitant and panicked writers. Students should (of course) take writing assignments seriously and be devoted to improvement.
My job as the adult should include guiding and pacing them, not creating a negative internal dialogue for them. As I am grading student writing, I am cognizant of how students might respond to my feedback.
What do you think of student writing and internal dialogue? Read what Melissa from Reading and Writing Haven discusses her ideas about student writing and their dialogue.